Travel in Morocco

Morocco has a history as an independent nation state stretching back to the 9th century, interrupted only by the brief interlude of the Protectorate (1912-1956) when the country was divided into French and Spanish zones. Morocco, unlike her North African neighbours, was never part of the Turkish Empire.

To the south, Morocco claims and has occupied the territory of the Western (formally Spanish) Sahara. This claim forms a major rallying point in domestic politics. Morocco's political system is evolving from a strongly centralised monarchy to a parliamentary system. The King retains much of the executive power, but the Parliament and most of the government are democratically elected.


Morocco has a coast on the Atlantic Ocean that reaches past the Strait of Gibraltar into the Mediterranean Sea. It is bordered by Spanish territory to the north, Algeria to the east, and Western Sahara to the south. Since Morocco controls most of Western Sahara, its de facto southern boundary is with Mauritania. Morocco's capital city is Rabat; its largest city is its main port, Casablanca. Other cities include Agadir, Essaouira, Fes, Marrakech, Meknes, Mohammadia, Oujda, Ouarzazat, Safi, Salé, Tangier and Tétouan. The geography of Morocco spans from the Atlantic Ocean, to mountainous areas, to the Sahara Desert.

A large part of Morocco is mountainous, the Atlas Mountains are located mainly in the central and southern regions of the country. The mountain areas are mainly inhabited by the Berber people. The Berber people have their own language although the official language of Morocco is Arabic. Due to historical influences French and Spanish are also widely spoken.

What Currency is Used in Morocco?

The Moroccan Dirham is the official currency of Morocco. You can see today's exchange rates here. For more information regarding accepted currencies and ATMs see our Practicalities page.

What Is The Time Difference in Morocco?

Morocco time is GMT/UTC 0. Check out the current time in Morocco here. The Morocco Country Code is +212. For making calls back home, international rates can be quite expensive, be sure to check with your local carrier prior to visiting Morocco. Wifi is available in most hotels and street side cafes in major cities in Morocco. However, WiFi in rural areas is often slow, spotty, or non-existent.

Cellular service is reliable in major cities and throughout most of Morocco. However, keep in mind you will be traveling in remote areas, we cannot guarantee cellular services or internet. Expect to be un-plugged for the majority of the journey. For more information see our Practicalities Page.

How Do I Charge My Electronics While in Morocco?

Morocco uses a Europlug and Schuko plugs. The voltage is 220-240. Electricity is widely available throughout Morocco.

Remember that batteries do not like the cold. When traveling in cold temperatures you should carry your phone or camera battery close to your body. At night, keep your batteries and electronics with you in bed in order to keep the battery from draining. A portable battery pack or solar charger, although not necessary, is certainly a useful tool.

What Language is Spoken in Morocco?

Arabic is the official language of Morocco. Berber is also spoken widely here. Arabic is a script-based language and is often difficult for westerners to speak. English is spoken by guides and people involved in the tourism industry. With that being said, it is always advisable to learn a few words and phrases in the country you are visiting. Check out these helpful Arabic phrases

What Is the Climate in Morocco?

The climate in Morocco is such that it does not exclude travel at any time of the year, although some will find the mid-summer temperatures uncomfortable for trekking. Daytime temperatures in Marrakech vary from around 18degC in December-January to 36degC in July. In the Atlas, the temperatures will generally be a few degrees cooler and with the effects of wind-chill. On a cold day in the winter high in the Atlas the temperature is well below freezing with abundant snow cover.

Along the coast, the weather takes on a more Mediterranean feel, dry and mild. However, if you head south the climate exudes a desert atmosphere with vast temperature swings from day to night. Daytime is very hot and dry, while the temperatures can be below freezing at night.

Additional Weather Resources:

For up-to-date weather information check out

Morocco books and maps

Here are some handy resources for your trip to Morocco. 


Mountaineering in the Moroccan High Atlas, D. Clark, Cicerone, ISBN 978-1852846114
Trekking in the Atlas Mountains, K. Smith, Cicerone, ISBN 978-1-85284-421-9
Moroccan Atlas - The Trekking Guide, A. Palmer, Trailblazer, ISBN 978-1873756775
The High Atlas: Treks & Climbs. H. Brown, Cicerone, ISBN 978-1852846718
Atlas Mountains, Morocco. R G Collomb. West Col Productions. ISBN-13: 978-0906227084


Toubkal & Marrakech, 1:50,000, Orientazion, ISBN 84-935600-0-6
Toubkal, Alto Atlas, Marruecos. 1:40,000, Editorial Piolet, ISBN 13: 9788495945426
Jbel Toubkal, 1:50,000. Ministere de l'Agiculture. Feuille NH-29-XXIII-I a
High Atlas Morocco, 1:100,000/1:1,500,000/1:20,000, TerraQuest, ISBN 9788361155263
Morocco Adventure Map, 1:1,000,000. National Geographic. ISBN-13: 978-1566955300

History & Culture

Morocco: From Empire to Independence, C. Pennell, Oneworld, ISBN 978-1851686346
A Traveller's History of North Africa, B. Rogerson, Gerald Duckworth & Co Ltd, ISBN 978-0715637388

Climbing and Mountaineering

Mountains of the Mind: a History of a Fascination, Robert Macfarlane, Granta Books, ISBN-10: 1847080391, ISBN-13: 978-1847080394